CGF Awards

The AZA Conservation Grants Fund (CGF) supports the cooperative conservation and education initiatives of AZA and its members and partners. Since 1991, the CGF has provided more than $7.3 million to over 400 projects worldwide. We thank all donors, and particularly the Disney Conservation Fund, for their generous support of the CGF. View the full list of contributors in 2016 here.

You can help! Please donate online to the Conservation Grants Fund and help us support projects like these next year. 

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2009 Awards

Below is a list of projects which received support from the Conservation Endowment Fund (CEF) in 2009. Each project lists the project title, principal investigators, their institutions, amount awarded, and source of the funding maintained within the AZA CEF. Sources included in the AZA CEF include the AZA Amphibian Fund (AF) and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (DWCF).

Effects of Disease Treatments on Captive Coral Health
Ilze Berzins, Ph.D., D.V.M., The Florida Aquarium Center for Conservation/Shedd Aquarium
$25,555 DWCF

Quantifying and Validating Animal Care Takers' Insights as a Tool for Continuous Monitoring of Zoo Animal Welfare
Nadja Wielebnowski, PhD and Jessica Whitman, PhD, Chicago Zoological Society/Brookfield Zoo
$28,443 DWCF
Read about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Translocation as a Tool to Reintroduce and Supplement Florida Scrub-jay (Aphelocoma coerulescens) Populations on Restored Conservation Lands
Michelle Smurl, Brevard Zoo
$6,120 DWCF
Read about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

In situ and Ex situ Conservation of the Critically Endangered Acroporids through Public Aquaria and Coral Reef Scientists
Mike Brittsan, Columbus Zoo and Aquarium; Mark Schick, John G. Shedd Aquarium; Kathy Vires, Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
$20,000 DWCF
Read about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Daily Travel Distance of African elephants (Loxodonata africana) in Botswana
Fred Bercovitch, PhD, San Diego Zoo's Institute for Conservation Research
$9,892 DWCF

Establishing a Captive Breeding Facility for Malagasy Amphibians
Jennifer Pramuk, Ph.D., Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservation Society
$21,200 AF
Read about the outcomes of this project in Connect.
Edmonds D, Rakotoarisoa JC, Dolch R, Pramuk J, Gagliardo R, Andreone F, Rabibisoa N, Rabemananjara F, Rabesihanaka S, Robsomanitrandrasana E. 2012. Building capacity to implement conservation breeding programs for frogs in Madagascar: Results from year one of Mitsinjo’s amphibian husbandry research and captive breeding facility. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5(3):57-69(e55). al.

Genetic Analyses of Amphibian Chytrid Fungus and the Global Extinction Crisis
William Modi, Zoological Society of San Diego; Erica Rosenblum, University of Idaho
$25,993 AF

Reintroduction of the Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog
Ron Swaisgood, Ph.D. and Jeff Lemm, Zoological Society of San Diego
$21,658 AF

A Citizen Science Training Model for Investigating the Presence or Absence of Amphibian Chytrid Fungus in Amphibian Populations
Penny Danielewicz and Tiffany Vanderwerf, Buffalo Zoo
$11,630 AF
Read about the outcomes of this project in Connect

2008 Awards

Below is a list of projects which received support from the Conservation Endowment Fund (CEF) in 2008. Each project lists the project title, principal investigators, their institutions, amount awarded, and source of the funding maintained within the AZA CEF. Sources included in the AZA CEF include the AZA Amphibian Fund (AF), Ralston Purina (RP), and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (DWCF).

Conserving Africa's Most Endangered Ape: Geographic Information System-Based Monitoring of the Cross River Gorilla 
Dr. Richard Bergl, North Carolina Zoological Park
$20,420 DWCF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Harpy Eagle Neotropical Environmental Education in Guatemala 
Sean Davis, The Peregrine Fund
$11,320 DWCF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Western Pond Turtle Recovery - Sex Determination and Head-Starting Studies 
Jessie Bushell, San Francisco Zoological Society; Colleen Kinzley, Oakland Zoo
$19,694 DWCF 
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Characterization and Control of Male Aggression in Clouded Leopards (Neofelis nebulosa)
Dr. JoGayle Howard, Dr. Katharine Pelican and Heather DeCaluwe, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park
$21,400 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

The Collection of Spermatozoa via Electroejaculation in the Vancouver Island Marmot (Marmota vancouverensis
Dr. Laura Graham, University of Guelph
$7,578 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Community-Based Conservation of Threatened Flying Fox Roosts in Madagascar 
Dr. Allyson Walsh, Lubee Bat Conservancy
$16,269 CEF

Ecology and Conservation of Carnivores in the Termit/Tin Toumma Region of Niger: Balancing Needs of Carnivore and Human Populations
Bill Houston and Dr. Cheryl Asa, Saint Louis Zoo
$29,000 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Ecology and Conservation of the Critically Endangered Madagascar Spider Tortoise (Pyxis arachnoides
Dr. Christina Castellano and Dr. Sean Doody, Institute for Applied Ecology
$14,745 CEF 

Effect of the Captive Environment on the Social Development and Reproductive Success of Adolescent and Adult Female Southern White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum
Dr. John Harder, Ohio State University
$22,191 CEF

Global Conservation Leadership Program for Youth 
Dana Murphy and Dr. Ricardo Stanoss, Chicago Zoological Society
$17,500 DWCF

Monitoring Snow Leopards to Evaluate and Refine Conservation Actions 
Dr. Tom McCarthy, Snow Leopard Trust
$15,890 CEF
Sharma K, Bayrakcismith R, Tumursukh L, Johansson O, Sevger P, et al. (2014) Vigorous Dynamics Underlie a Stable Population of the Endangered Snow Leopard Panthera uncia in Tost Mountains, South Gobi, Mongolia. PLoS ONE 9(7): e101319. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101319

Reducing Bird Mortality from Collisions with Glass Windows, Walls and Handrails
Dr. Christine Sheppard, Bronx Zoo
$24,946 DWCF 

Non-Invasive Reproductive Monitoring and Pregnancy Diagnosis in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus
Dr. Terri Roth and Dr. Monica Stoops, Cincinnati Zoo and Botanical Garden
$22,472 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.
Stoops, MA, MacKinnon, KM, and TL Roth. 2012. Longitudinal fecal hormone analysis for monitoring reproductive activity in the female polar bear (Ursus maritimus). Theriogenology 78: 1977–1986.

Studying the Last Wild Populations of Slender-Horned Gazelles (Gazella leptoceros loderi) in the Algerian Great Western Erg 
Dr. Pierre Comizzoli and Dr. Steven Monfort, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park
$13,440 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

The 2008 Shark Spine Study
Paul Anderson and Dr. Ilze Berzins, The Florida Aquarium
$20,000 DWCF/CEF

Anderson, P.A., Huber, D.R., Berzins, I.K. 2012. Correlations of Capture, Transport, and Nutrition with Spinal Deformities in Sandtiger Sharks, Carcharias taurus, in Public Aquaria. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 43(4):750-758.

Tate, E.E., Anderson, P.A., Huber, D.R., Berzins, I.K. 2013. Correlations of swimming patterns with spinal deformities in the sandtiger shark, Carcharias taurus. International Journal for Comparative Psychology 26: 75-82.

A Pilot Investigation of Vitamin A Metabolism in Golden Frogs (Atelopus zeteki) and Marine Toads (Bufo marinus) and Appropriate Supplementation Methods 
Annajane Marlar, John Kast and Roy McClements, Fort Worth Zoological Society; Ann Ward, Amy Hunt and Diane Barber, Fort Worth Zoological Association
$16,013 AF

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Hellbenders – Significance in Missouri Populations and Evaluation of Testing Protocols 
Jeff Ettling, Dr. Randall Junge, Dr. Martha Weber, and Mark Wanner, Saint Louis Zoo
$11,540 AF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Conservation of the Darwin's Frogs, Rhinoderma, through an Ex-Situ Breeding Program and Field Work 
Dr. Dante Fenolio, Atlanta Botanical Garden
$38,662 AF/CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.
Fenolio, D., Crump, M., Lamar, W., Fabry, M., Tirado, M., Charrier, A., Levy, M., and P Calderon. 2011. A Review of the Chile Mountains False Toad, Telmatobufo venustus (Amphibia:Anura:Calyptocephalellidae), with comments on its conservation status. Herpetological Review, 42(4), 514–519.

Conservation of the Puerto Rican Crested Toad: Field Monitoring Program 
Diane Barber, Fort Worth Zoo; Gail Ross, University of Puerto Rico; Ryan DeVoe, North Carolina Zoo
$20,275 AF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Defining Critical Habitats for the Axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) within the Lake Xochimilco Ecosystem 
Bob Johnson, Toronto Zoo
$19,200 AF 

Effect of Dietary Carotenoids on Fat-Soluble Vitamin Status and Pigmentation in Tomato Frogs (Dysophus antongilii)
Ellen Dierenfeld and Jeff Ettling, Saint Louis Zoo
$13,180 AF

Lowland Atelopus of Western Colombia: Coexistence with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis or Prelude to Extinction? 
Dr. Adolfo Torres and Sandra Flechas, Universidad de los Andes; German Corredor, Fundación Zoológica de Cali
$27,100 AF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Flechas, SV, Sarmiento, C, and Amezquita, A. 2012. Bd on the Beach: High Prevalence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in the Lowland Forests of Gorgona Island (Colombia, South America). EcoHealth. Published online 6 June. DOI: 10.1007/s10393-012-0771-9.

Flechas, SV, Sarmiento, C, Cardenas, ME, Medina, EM, and Restrepo, S. 2012. Surviving Chytridiomycosis: Differential Anti-Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Activity in Bacterial Isolates from Three Lowland Species of Atelopus. PLoS ONE 7(9): e44832. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0044832.

Flechas, SV, Medina, EM, Crawford, AJ, Sarmiento, C, Cárdenas, ME, Amézquita, A, and Restrepo, S. 2013. Characterization of the First Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Isolate from the Colombian Andes, an Amphibian Biodiversity Hotspot. EcoHealth. doi:10.1007/s10393-013-0823-9. Published online: 26 March.

Oregon Spotted Frog Recovery Project 
Dave Ellis, Northwest Trek Wildlife Park; Lisa Dabek and Dana Payne, Woodland Park Zoo; David Shepherdson, Oregon Zoo
$29,956 AF/CEF

The Amphibian Decline Crisis: Is It Happening in Papua New Guinea? 
Chris Dahl, New Guinea Binatang Research Center; Ed Bronikowski, Smithsonian Institution
$19,130 AF

2007 Awards

Below is a list of projects which received support from the Conservation Endowment Fund (CEF) in 2007. Each project lists the project title, principal investigators, their institutions, amount awarded, and source of the funding maintained within the AZA CEF. Sources included in the AZA CEF include the AZA Amphibian Fund (AF), Ralston Purina (RP), and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (DWCF).

Conservation of the Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) in North Carolina: Population Surveys and Captive Management
John Groves, North Carolina Zoological Park; Richard Bergl, North Carolina Zoological Park
$14,190 CEF

Correlations between Genetic Diversity and Species Diversity in the Ichthyofauna of the Tennessee River
Anna George, Tennessee Aquarium Research Institute
$20,792 CEF

Establishing Genome Resource Banks and Artificial Insemination Techniques to Augment Management of Okapi Metapopulations
Linda Penfold, White Oak Conservation Center; Steve Shurter, White Oak Conservation Center
$16,685 DWCF

Average Daily Walking Distance of Captive African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)
Fred Bercovitch, Zoological Society of San Diego; Jeff Andrews, Zoological Society of San Diego
$21,115 DWCF/CEF
Rothwell, E., F. Bercovitch, J. Andrews, and M. Anderson. 2011. Estimating daily walking distance of captive African elephants using an accelerometer. Zoo Biology. 30(5):579-591.

Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin Education Programs: Benefits for Conservation Education and Animal Welfare
Lance Miller, The University of Southern Mississippi
$6,529 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Addressing Aggression in Asian Small-Clawed Otters, Amblonyx cinereus, through the Use of GnRH Agonist
Katharine Pelican, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park; Heather DeCaluwe, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park
$17.734 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Creating Youth-Intern Teams to Increase the Effective Delivery of Action-Oriented Conservation Messages
Stacy McReynolds, San Antonio Zoo
$9,000 CEF

Non-Invasive Genetic Estimation of Population Size of Critically Endangered Gyps Vultures in Asia (DWCF)
Todd Katzner, National Aviary; Yula Kapetanakos, Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Nancy Clum, Wildlife Conservation Society
$22,765 DWCF

Gorilla Health Project - A Template for Captive Animal Health Management
Pam Dennis, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo and Ohio State University; Thomas Meehan, Chicago Zoological Society/Brookfield Zoo; Hayley Weston Murphy, Zoo New England; Natalie Mylniczenko, Chicago Zoological Society/Brookfield Zoo
$18,500 CEF 

Communicating Solutions: Evaluating Human-Dolphin Interactions in High Traffic Areas of Sarasota Bay with High School Student Volunteers
David Niebuhr, Mote Marine Laboratory; Kim Bassos-Hull, Mote Marine Laboratory; Jim Wharton, Mote Marine Laboratory; Randall Wells, Mote Marine Laboratory
$9,310 DWCF

Effective Online Education and Risk Assessment for All AZA Hoofstock Collections: Johne's Disease
Pam Dennis, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo and Ohio State University
$9,850 CEF

Captive-Breeding & Reintroduction of Ostrich (Struthio camelus camelus) in Niger
Sara Hallager, Smithsonian National Zoological Park; Bill Houston, Saint Louis Zoo; Steve Monfort, Smithsonian National Zoological Park; Scott Tidmus, Disney's Animal Kingdom
$27,700 CEF
Miller, J. M., Hallager, S., Monfort, S.L., Newby, J., Bishop, K., Tidmus, S.A., Black, P., Houston, B., Matthee, C.A., Fleischer, R.C. 2010. Phylogeographic analysis of nuclear and mtDNA supports subspecies designations in the ostrich (Struthio camelus). Conservation Genetics: DOI 10.1007/s10592-010-0149-x.

Understanding Ecology of Dholes in Thailand
Nucharin Songsasen, Smithsonian National Zoological Park; Peter Leimgruber, Smithsonian National Zoological Park
$26,750 CEF

Mongolia Traveling Conservation Trunk Project
Meghan Rubinstein, Denver Zoo
$8,100 DWCF

Movement Patterns, Habitat Preferences and Phylogeography of the Armenian Viper (Montivipera raddei) in Armenia (CEF)
Jeff Ettling, Saint Louis Zoo
$12,950 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

The Use of Autonomous Recording Units (ARUs) to Detect Rare Hawaiian Birds – A Pilot Study
George Wallace, American Bird Conservancy; David Leonard, Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources
$6,400 DWCF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Genetic Variation and the Reintroduction of African Wild Dogs in South Africa
Micaela Szykman Gunther, Humboldt State University and Smithsonian National Zoological Park; David Wildt, Smithsonian National Zoological Park
$23,600 DWCF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Spiering, P. M. Szykman Gunther, M.J. Somers, D.E. Wildt, M. Walters, A.S. Wilson and J.E. Maldonado. 2011. Inbreeding, heterozygosity and fitness in a reintroduced population of endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus). Conservation Genetics 12:401-412.

Spiering, P., M.J. Somers, J.E. Maldonado, D.E. Wildt, and M. Szykman Gunther. 2010. Reproductive sharing and proximate factors mediating cooperative breeding in the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 64:583-592.

Spiering, P., M. Szykman Gunther, D.E. Wildt, M.J. Somers and J.E. Maldonado. 2009. Sampling error in non-invasive genetic analyses of an endangered social carnivore. Conservation Genetics 10:2005-2007.

Identification of Serum and Tissue Biomarkers for Cardiomyopathy in the Vancouver Island Marmot (Marmota vancouverensis)
Douglas Whiteside, Calgary Zoo; Sandie Black, Calgary Zoo
$15,300 CEF

El Valle Amphibian Conservation Center
William Konstant, Houston Zoo, Inc. $17,600 DWCF
Crawford, A.J., Cruz, C., Griffith, E., Ross, H., Ibáñez, R., Lips, K.R., Driskell, A.C., Bermingham, E., and Crump. P. 2012. DNA barcoding applied to ex situ tropical amphibian conservation programme reveals cryptic diversity in captive populations. Molecular Ecology Resources. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12054.

Posted by Sarah Sullivan

2006 Awards

Below is a list of projects that received support from the Conservation Endowment Fund (CEF) in 2006. Each project lists the project title, principal investigators, their institutions, amount awarded, and source of the funding maintained within the AZA CEF. Sources included in the AZA CEF include the AZA Amphibian Fund (AF), Ralston Purina (RP), and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (DWCF).

Securing Critical Rangeland for Grevy's Zebra in Northern Kenya
Martha Fischer, Saint Louis Zoo
$19,875 CEF

Pollination Ecology and Fruit Bat Conservation in Madagascar
Allyson Walsh, Lubee Bat Conservancy
$19,830 DWCF

Techniques for the Design and Conduct of Behavioral Research Projects: A Video Short Course
David Powell, Wildlife Conservation Society - Bronx Zoo
$17,750 CEF
Read an article about the outcomes of this project in Connect.

Uganda Conservation Education Program
Tom Naiman, Wildlife Conservation Society
$10,800 DWCF

Conservation, Restoration, and Management of Bog Turtles, Glyptemys muhlenbergii, in Tennessee
Bern Tryon, Knoxville Zoological Gardens
$19,905 CEF 

Developing Rapid Hormone Kits for Monitoring Reproductive Activity in Elephants
Elizabeth Freeman and Janine Brown, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park (CRC)
$27,610 DWCF/CEF

Mariana Islands Birds and Bats Teaching Kits
Kim Lengel, Philadelphia Zoo
$5,000 DWCF

Ecoagriculture Curriculum Development, Training and Research at the MFG's Ivoloina Conservation Training Center and the University of Toamasina, Toamasina, Madagascar
Christoffel den Biggelaar, Appalachian State University; Ingrid Porton, Saint Louis Zoo
$30,443 DWCF/CEF

Monitoring Amphibians and Reptiles in the Bosawas Biosphere Reserve and Relevance to Conservation of Species Threatened by an Emerging Infectious Disease
Cheryl Asa and Louise Bradshaw, Saint Louis Zoo
$16,105 DWCF

Population Studies and Conservation of Pterapogon kauderni (Teleostei, Apogonidae), an Endemic Coral Reef Fish Threatened by the International Aquarium Fish Trade
Alejandro Vagelli, New Jersey Academy for Aquatic Sciences
$20,130 CEF

Community Outreach for Predator Conservation: Cheetah Conservation Botswana
Kyle Good, Cheetah Conservation Botswana
$15,000 DWCF

Strategies for Introducing Clouded Leopards: A Pairing Comparison Study
Katharine Pelican, Katherine MacKinnon, and JoGayle Howard, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park (CRC); Nadja Wielebnowski, Chicago Zoological Society/Brookfield Zoo
$22,251 CEF

Expansion of the Florida Butterfly Monitoring Network
Jaret Daniels, University of Florida Anne Savage, Disney's Animal Kingdom
$14,425 CEF 

Ecology and Health Status of Maned Wolves Living in Brazilian and Bolivian National Parks
Nucharin Songsasen and Sharon Deem, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park (CRC)
$15,751 CEF 

Investigation of Streptococcus bovis Complex and Associated Valvular Endocarditis; A Major Cause of Mortality in Northern Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni)
Carrie Goertz, Alaska SeaLife Center
$19,797 CEF 

Lake Victoria Species Survival Plan In Situ Program
Cynthia Lee, Toronto Zoo; Steven Bailey, New England Aquarium; Rebecca Rose, Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
$15,400 DWCF 

Examining the Relationship between Fecal Corticoids as a Measure of Stress and Metabolic Derangement on the Onset of Superficial Necrolytic Dermatitis in Captive Black Rhinos, Diceros bicornis
Candice Dorsey and Janine Brown, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park (CRC)
$19,760 CEF
Dorsey, C., P. Dennis. G. Guagnano, T. Wood, and J. Brown. 2010. Decreased baseline fecal glucocorticoid concentrations associated with skin and oral lesions in black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 41(4): 616-625.

Dorsey, C., P. Dennis, A. Fascetti, T. Wood, and J. Brown. 2010. Hypoaminoacidemia is not associated with ulcerative lesions in black rhinoceroses, Diceros bicornis. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 41(1): 22-27.

2005 Awards

Below is a list of projects that received support from the Conservation Endowment Fund (CEF) in 2005. Each project lists the project title, principal investigators, their institutions, amount awarded, and source of the funding maintained within the AZA CEF. Sources included in the AZA CEF include the AZA Amphibian Fund (AF), Ralston Purina (RP), and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (DWCF).

Headstart Optimization and Invasive Species Control Plan for the Critically Endangered Anegada Iguana
Rick Hudson, Fort Worth Zoo; Glenn Gerber, PhD, Zoological Society of San Diego
$17,730 CEF

Conservation, Restoration, and Management of Bog Turtles, Glyptemys muhlenbergii, in Tennessee
Bern Tryon, Knoxville Zoological Garden
$11,350 CEF

How Long Will They Live? Developing and Evaluating Standardized Methods for Estimating and Reporting Mortality Rates in Captive Populations
Lisa Faust, Lincoln Park Zoo; Kevin Willis, Minnesota Zoo
$22,144 CEF 

Ecology and Conservation of Mountain Tapirs in the Central Andes of Colombia
Diego Lizcano, University of Kent
$21,482 CEF

Community Conservation of Grevy's Zebra in Northern Kenya
Belinda Low, Northern Rangelands Trust; Martha Fischer, Saint Louis Zoo
$6,576 CEF

Foot-and-Mouth Disease Monitoring in Mongolian Gazelle (Procapra gurrurosa)
Damien Joly, PhD, Field Veterinary Program WCS; Angela Yang, Field Veterinary Program WCS
$19,180 CEF
Bolortsetseg, S., S. Enkhtuvshin, D. Nyamsuren, W. Weisman, A. Fine, A. Yang, and D. Joly. 2012. Serosurveillance for Foot-And-Mouth Disease in Mongolian Gazelles (Procapra Gutturosa) and Livestock on the Eastern Steppe of Mongolia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 48(1):33-38.

Assessment of Reproductive Status and Stress in Matschie's Tree Kangaroos (Dendrolagus matschiei) in North American Zoos
Read more about the outcomes of this project in Connect.
John Harder, PhD, Ohio State University
$16,259 CEF

Mitigating the Effects of Invasive Species on Sonoran Desert Animal Communities: A Region-wide Conservation Action
Richard Brusca, PhD, Arizona Sonora Desert Museum
$18,220 CEF

Ecology and Health Status of Maned Wolves Living in Brazilian and Bolivian National Parks
Nucharin Songsasen, Smithsonian National Zoological Park; Sharon Deem, Smithsonian National Zoological Park
$25,320 CEF

Examining the Relationship Between Fecal Corticoids As a Measure of Stress and Metabolic Derangement on the Onset of Superficial Necrolytic Dermatitis in Captive Black Rhinos, Diceros bicornis
Candice Dorsey, Smithsonian National Zoological Park CRC; Janine Brown, PhD, Smithsonian National Zoological Park CRC
$24,500 CEF
Dorsey, C., P. Dennis, G. Guagnon, T. Wood, and J. Brown. 2010. Decreased baseline fecal glucocorticoid concentrations associated with skin and oral lesions in black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 41(4): 616-625.Dorsey, C., P. Dennis, A. Fascetti, T. Wood, and J. Brown. 2010. Hypoaminoacidemia is not associated with ulcerative lesions in black rhinoceroses, Diceros bicornis. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 41(1): 22-27.

Asian Turtle Conservation Program: Capacity Building in Range Countries
Hugh Quinn, PhD, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
$19,920 DWCF

Right Bite Initiative for Sustainable Seafood
Cheryl Mell, John G. Shedd Aquarium; Michelle Jost, John G. Shedd Aquarium; Jeffrey Boehm, DVM, John G. Shedd Aquarium
$8,000 DWCF

Determination of the Relatedness of a Captive Population of Mississippi Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis pulla) to Facilitate Improvement of the Genetic Diversity of the Wild Population through Captive Breeding and Release
Alexander Cole, DVM, Audubon Nature Institute; Kevin Willis, Minnesota Zoo; Michael Taylor, White Oak Conservation Center
$10,000 DWCF

A Proposal to Support the Tanya Center for Conservation Biology: University-Based Capacity Building in Conservation Science in Democratic Republic of Congo
Patrick Mehlman, PhD, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International; Brad Mulley, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International
$5,174 DWCF

Community-based Study of the Conservation Status and Ecology of the African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus) in Southeastern Kenya (Northeastern and Coastal Provinces)
Kim McCreery, PhD, African Wild Dog Conservancy; Robert Robbins, PhD, African Wild Dog Conservancy
$15,850 DWCF

The Role of Local People and Herdmen for the Reintroduction of Przewalski's Horses in China's Kaleimeili Reserve: A Pilot Project
Peter Leimgruber, PhD, Smithsonian National Zoological Park CRC; Steven Monfort, DVM, PhD, Smithsonian National Zoological Park CRC
$19,500 DWCF

Development of Sex Selection Protocols for African and Asian Elephant Sperm
Deborah Olson, Indianapolis Zoo; Dennis Schmitt, DVM, PhD, SMSU; Charlie Gray, African Lion Safari
$48,795 DWCF/CEF

2004 Awards

Below is a list of projects that received support from the Conservation Endowment Fund (CEF) in 2004. Each project lists the project title, principal investigators, their institutions, amount awarded, and source of the funding maintained within the AZA CEF. Sources included in the AZA CEF include the AZA Amphibian Fund (AF), Ralston Purina (RP), and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (DWCF).

Investigation of a Probable Leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala) Toxicosis in Ring-tailed Lemurs (Lemur catta) at Berenty Reserve, Madagascar
Graham Crawford, San Francisco Zoo
$11,870 CEF 
Crawford, G., Puschner, B., Affolter, V., Stalis, I., Davidson, A., Baker, T., Tahara, J., Jolly, A. and Ostapak, S. (2015), Systemic effects of Leucaena leucocephala ingestion on ringtailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Berenty Reserve, Madagascar. Am. J. Primatol.. doi: 10.1002/ajp.22386

Post-release Monitoring of Wild-born Orphan Chimpanzees in the Conkouati-Douli National Park, Republic of Congo
Benoit Goossens, Cardiff University
$23,608 CEF
Goossens, B., J.M. Setchell, E. Tchidongo, E. Dilambaka, C. Vidal, M. Ancrenaz, and A. Jamart. 2005. Survival, interactions with conspecifics and reproduction in 37 chimpanzees released into the wild. Biological Conservation 123: 461-475. 

Managing the Dynamic Social Life of Captive Adolescent Male Chimpanzees: A Multi-Institutional Study
Mollie Bloomsmith, Zoo Atlanta; Stephen Ross, Lincoln Park Zoo; Tamara Bettinger, Disney's Animal Kingdom
$25,876 CEF

Florida Butterfly Monitoring Network
Thomas Emmel and Jaret Daniels, McGuire Center for Lepidoptera Research; Anne Savage, Disney's Animal Kingdom
$27,730 CEF

Reintroduction and Conservation of the Critically Endangered White-winged Guan, Penelope albipennis
Rob Williams, Asociacion Naymlap; Fernando Angulo, Asociacion Cracidae Peru; George Wallace, American Bird Conservancy
$15,500 CEF

Developing Non-Invasive Field Monitoring Techniques for Clouded Leopards in Thailand
Katharine Pelican, Lori Eggert, JoGayle Howard, and Peter Leimgruber, Smithsonian National Zoological Park
$25,890 CEF

Health, Reproduction, and Animal Well-being in Reintroduced African Wild Dogs (Lycaon pictus)
Micaela Szykman, Steven Monfort, and David Wildt, National Zoo's Conservation and Research Center
$15,900 CEF

Interactions Among Animal Populations, Forest Structure and Human Land-Use Patterns in the Bosawas Biosphere Reserve, Nicaragua
Cheryl Asa and Louise Bradshaw, Saint Louis Zoo
$29,055 CEF

Ricord's Iguana Education Initiative
John Scott Foster and Jan Ramer, Indianapolis Zoo
$20,020 DWCF

Cheetah Conservation Botswana
Kyle Good, Cheetah Conservation Botswana
$18,930 DWCF 

Golden-headed Lion Tamarin Corridor Project
Becky Raboy, Jon Ballou, and Peter Leimgruber, Conservation and Research Center, Smithsonian's National Zoological Park
$17,640 DWCF

Capacity Building in the Graueri Landscape
Patrick Mehlman and Tara Stoinski, Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International
$19,020 DWCF 

Restoration of the California Condor to Baja California, Mexico
Michael Wallace and Allison Alberts, Zoological Society of San Diego
$38,174 DWCF/CEF 

2003 Awards

Below is a list of projects that received support from the Conservation Endowment Fund (CEF) in 2003. Each project lists the project title, principal investigators, their institutions, amount awarded, and source of the funding maintained within the AZA CEF. Sources included in the AZA CEF include the AZA Amphibian Fund (AF), Ralston Purina (RP), and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (DWCF).

Puerto Rican Crested Toad Population and Critical Habitat Conservation
Jeff Ettling, Saint Louis Zoo; Karen Graham, Sedgwick County Zoo; Bob Johnson, Toronto Zoo; and Diane Barber, Fort Worth Zoo
$13,900 CEF

Evaluations of Two Reintroductions of the Virgin Islands Boa, Epicrates monensis granti, to the Puerto Rico Bank
Peter Tolson, The Toledo Zoo
$16,360 CEF

Biogeographic Patterns, Population Structure, and Conservation of the Threatened Banggai Cardinalfish, Pterapogon kauderni (Teleostei, Apogonidae)
Alejandro Vagelli, New Jersey Academy for Aquatic Sciences
$17,005 CEF
More information

Protecting and Restoring Endangered Crane Habitat in Muraviovka
Carol Hesch, Memphis Zoo
$11,750 CEF

Implementation of an Integrated Species Recovery Plan for the Critically Endangered Grand Cayman Blue Iguana
Frederic Burton, Blue Iguana Recovery Program, National Trust for the Cayman Islands
$24,951 CEF

Comparison of Population Management Strategies for Preserving Genetic Diversity in Groups
Jon Ballou, Smithsonian National Zoological Park and Brandie Smith, American Zoo and Aquarium Association
$11,870 CEF

Reintroduction and Conservation of the Critically Endangered White-winged Guan (Penelope albipennis)
George Wallace, American Bird Conservancy and Rob Williams, Asociacion Naymlap
$7,090 CEF

Reproductive Biology and Behavior of the Sun Bear
Darin Collins and Cheryl Frederick, Woodland Park Zoo
$17,114 CEF

A Public/Private Partnership to Understand and Conserve Jaguar Habitat in the Yucatan
Stacey Johnson, Fort Worth Zoo and Gerardo Ceballos Gonzalez, Instituto de Ecologia
$16,510 CEF

Risk Assessment-Based Decision Tree Analysis for the Management of Avian Tuberculosis in Conservation Programs
Kathryn Gamble, Megan Ross, Dominic Travers, and Robyn Barbiers, Lincoln Park Zoo
$12,050 CEF

Developing a Successful Clouded Leopard Breeding Program in Thailand
Katharine Pelican and JoGayle Howard, Smithsonian National Zoological Park; Nadja Wielebnowski, Brookfield Zoo
$20,000 CEF

Cheetah Censusing Technique Development Workshop
Celeste Lombardi, Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
$19,850 DWCF

Forming Endangered Turtle Assurance Colonies in Asia: Step 1: Development of Appropriate Husbandry and Veterinary Care Programs
Hugh Quinn, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
$19,920 DWCF

Belize Environmental Education Project
Annette Berkovits, Wildlife Conservation Society
$10,960 DWCF

Captive Rearing of Fender's and Puget Blue Butterflies: Protocols and Conservation Consequences
David Sheperdson, Oregon Zoo
$15,320 DWCF
More information

Communicating for Conservation: Improving the Effectiveness of Conservation Education and Communications at Zoos and Aquariums
Bert Vescolani, John G. Shedd Aquarium; Patrick O'Callaghan, Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre; Paul Boyle, New York Aquarium / Wildlife Conservation Society; Bill Mott and Tanja Gronholm, The Ocean Project
$18,500 DWCF

Effects of Progestin Contraceptives on Reproductive Health in Canids, Prosimians, and Callitrichids
Linda Munson, University of California
$25,483 DWCF
Moresco, A., L. Muson, and I.A. Gardner. 2009. Naturally occurring and Melengestrol Acetate-associated reproductive tract lesions in zoo canids. Veterinary Pathology 46(6): 1117-1128.

Conservation of Wild Populations of the Chinese Alligator
John Thorbjarnarson and John Behler, Wildlife Conservation Society
$22,180 DWCF/CEF

2002 Awards

Below is a list of projects that received support from the Conservation Endowment Fund (CEF) in 2002. Each project lists the project title, principal investigators, their institutions, amount awarded, and source of the funding maintained within the AZA CEF. Sources included in the AZA CEF include the AZA Amphibian Fund (AF), Ralston Purina (RP), and the Disney Worldwide Conservation Fund (DWCF).

Ecology and Conservation of Bahamian Rock Iguanas (Cyclura cychlura cychlura)
Charles Knapp, John G. Shedd Aquarium; Roger Cogan, The Phoenix Zoo
$10,850 CEF
Knapp, C.R. and A.K. Owens. 2005. Home range and habitat associations of a Bahamian iguana: implications for conservation. Animal Conservation 8: 269-278.

Knapp, C.R. and A.K. Owens. 2008. Nesting behavior and the use of termitaria by the Andros iguana (Cyclura cychlura cychlura). Journal of Herpetology 42(1): 46–53.

Knapp, C.R., Alvarez-Clare, S., and C. Perez-Heydrich. 2010. The influence of landscape heterogeneity and dispersal on survival of neonate insular iguanas. Copeia 2010(1): 62-70.

Enhancement of Health Care for Confiscated Turtles at the Turtle Conservation and Ecology Project, Cuc Phong National Park, Vietnam
Paul Calle and Bonnie Raphael, Wildlife Conservation Society
$20,350 CEF

Improving Protection of Maleo Nesting Grounds on Sulawesi, Indonesia Through Monitoring, Management, and Community Awareness
Robert Lee, Wildlife Conservation Society
$31,100 CEF

Addressing the Asian Turtle Crisis in Mainland China: Conservation Education and Herpetological Capacity Building
Dwight Lawson and Sarah Bexall, Zoo Atlanta; Chris Tabaka, Memphis Zoo
$12,300 CEF

Munda Wanga Zoo Education Project
Tom Naiman, Wildlife Conservation Society
$24,900 CEF

Using Primates to Teach Conservation in South America
Keith Winsten, Brookfield Zoo
$17,450 DWCFA

Multi-Institutional Study of Male Gorillas in a Variety of Social Contexts
Tara Stoinski, Zoo Atlanta; Kristen Lukas, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
$25,827 DWCF

Community-based Conservation and Hunting Sustainability in the Bosawas Biosphere Reserve
Cheryl Asa and Louise Bradshaw, Saint Louis Zoo $35,868 DWCF and CEF 

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